WHAT ARE CONCENTRATES AND EXTRACTS?
Concentrates come in many forms and include the most desirable parts of something. For example, orange juice concentrate has the smell and taste of the orange fruit, but without the excess fluid, peel or pulp. The same is true for the cannabis plant: the aromas, flavors, and other desirable substances can be retained while removing the leaves, stems, and other unwanted materials.
Extracts are a specific type of concentrate that use solvents to draw out the desired substances of a plant, seed or fruit. For example, vanilla extract is produced by using alcohol as a solvent to pull out the desired flavor component, vanillin, from vanilla bean pods.
The cannabis plant has complex compounds, or chemical substances, that can be used in a multitude of products. These compounds affect the look, smell, flavor, and texture, as well as physiological or psychoactive effects (if any) of cannabis products. The most desirable cannabis compounds are found throughout the cannabis plant in small, sparkling structures called trichomes. A cannabis concentrate refers to any product created by the accumulation of the trichomes from the plant.
These frosty appendages coat the entire surface of the plant, especially the flower buds. Trichomes contain all the cannabinoids (THC, CBD, etc.) and terpenes that give different cannabis cultivars, or strains, their unique aromas and physical effects.
Compared to cannabis in raw plant form, cannabis concentrates offer a more potent high, quicker onset of action, and a wider range of consumption methods. Depending on your consumption preferences and tolerance level, the ideal dose can vary widely from person to person and even product to product.
Cannabis concentrates are diverse and used in a wide range of products. With a selection of options, you can fine-tune your cannabis experience and find the ideal combination of cannabinoids and terpenes that appeals to your taste and provides the most benefit.
Is there a difference between a concentrate and an extract?All extracts are concentrates, but not all concentrates are extracts. While those terms are used interchangeably, the primary difference between a concentrate and an extract is how trichomes are collected. Extracts are a type of concentrate created using solvents (alcohol, carbon dioxide, etc.) that essentially wash the trichomes off the cannabis plant. Concentrates made without the use of solvents are produced using mechanical or physical means to remove and gather trichomes.
Butane Hash Oil (BHO), Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) and CO2 wax are examples of extracts; each of these comes in varying textures such as shatter, badder, budder, and crumble. Different extracts and the varying textures may yield different experiences from one product to another.
Rosin, dry sift and kief are examples of concentrates that are made without using solvents.
HOW TO TALK ABOUT CONCENTRATES
“Reduced Fat Homogenized Ultra-Pasteurized Milk” is also known as “2% milk,” but that may sound baffling until you’re familiar with the product and its name. Once you familiarize yourself with the terminology used with concentrates, the more comfortable you’ll feel when reviewing descriptions and labels. The product names can seem complex. For example, a product named “Hardcore OG Nug Run Shatter” may sound confusing. What do each of these words mean?
Producers and manufacturers use specific words and phrases to help you identify key characteristics and qualities of cannabis concentrates. Certain terms may be used on labels and descriptions on concentrate products to identify:
Process Type - Cannabis concentrates are products created by the accumulation of trichomes (the gland that makes the cannabinoids and terpenes). There are a variety of ways to separate the trichomes from the starting material. Each of these processes needs its own specific materials and/or physical actions, or methods, in order to produce a concentrate.
Consistencies - Once the cannabinoids and terpenes have been removed from the plant material, the resulting solution can take a variety of forms. These forms allow patients and consumers to pick and choose their preferred texture of the concentrate product; they aren’t necessarily an indicator of how the concentrate will taste or affect an individual.
SMOKING METHODS- A cannabis concentrate can be consumed in a variety of ways, from sprinkling it on a bowl or adding it to a joint for added potency, to vaporizing them using a dab rig or portable vape pen. The ideal method for consumption depends on the type and texture of the selected concentrate as well as the personal habits of the person consuming. When deciding which method will work best, first consider the tools you have at your disposal and the texture of the concentrate. Extracts like shatter and badder are malleable and easy to use in a dab rig, while powdery concentrates, such as kief and crumble, can be easily enjoyed by adding them to a more stable foundation like flower. Here are some of the most common methods for smoking or vaporizing concentrates.
Topping Your Flower- Adding powdered kief to your bowl, or wrapping wax around a joint, are the most cost-effective methods to using cannabis concentrates. These methods don’t require any of the expensive tools necessary for taking dabs, while still increasing the potency of your smoke and adding extra flavor from the concentrate.
Dabbing - The most popular way to consume cannabis concentrates is by vaporizing the concentrate using a “dab rig.” This method consists of heating a “nail” (made from either glass, ceramic, or titanium) and then applying the concentrate directly onto the hot surface, instantly turning it into a vapor for consumption. While there are many inexpensive ways of turning any water pipe into a dab rig, below is a list of items you’ll need for a dab rig:
HOW DO YOU MAKE DIFFERENT TEXTURES?
Different textures are the result of deliberate steps taken before or after the initial extraction process.
Shatter - Shatter is one of the most versatile textures. In fact, many other textures, such as budder and crumble, start off as shatter. Shatter is known for its resemblance to brittle glass, which shatters on contact, but can also have a “snap and pull” consistency that gives it elastic-like properties. Shatter can be created using a variety of solvent extraction methods, the most popular of which include BHO, PHO, EHO, and CO2.
Crystalline - Crystalline is a transparent or semi-transparent cannabis concentrate that may resemble coarse decorative sparkling sugar or kosher salt. Multiple methods can be used to produce crystalline, but they all follow the same basic principles of crystallization.
An example of crystallization is making rock candy. Rock candy is a flavored confection that’s produced when sugar (a chemical solid) is slowly added to boiling water (a liquid). The resulting solution cools a bit, then flavor and color is added. A prepared stick is lowered into the solution. Over time, crystals form and grow on the prepared stick, eventually yielding the desired product.
Crystallization is a process where a chemical solid is mixed with a liquid to create an initial solution. Any impurities are removed from the initial solution, and the extract is then mixed with another solvent under a different set of conditions to start the formation of pure crystals.
Distillate - Distillates are made by exposing a winterized and decarboxylated extract to heat and vacuum, which promotes the separation of cannabinoids based on their different boiling points.
REPOST FROM WEEDMAPS.COM ARTICLE
One of the more troubling aspects of this regulated market is the lack of science based education taking place. Recently I have noticed new businesses selling hemp based products but referring to the as CBD. Even I’ve had difficulty surmising the contents having hemp based oil. This is problematic so so many reasons, most importantly, misinformation. This has the potential to derail the cannabis movement, dilute anecdotal evidence and confuse consumers. This has the appearance of intentional sabotage.
You see hemp is completely different from cannabis in its function, cultivation and application. Even so there seems to be some confusion in distinguishing the two plants. Although legislation is being made, progress has been slow and hampered by the uninformed.
In its application, hemp and cannabis serve completely different purposes. Cannabis is used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Hemp is used in variety of other applications that cannabis couldn’t possibly be used in. That is not to say that synthetic, hemp-based, and CBD-only medicines aren’t effective options for many patients, especially as laws limit access to alternatives. These types of products have served a pivotal role both as both medicine and as a legislative stepping stone.
Because Hemp and cannabis both derive from the Cannabis Sativa botanical family, they do share certain similarities; however, due to each plant’s biological structure, they have several very distinct and crucial differences.
Industrial hemp typically contains significantly less cannabidiol than CBD-rich cannabis strains so a huge amount of industrial hemp is required to extract a small amount of CBD creating an unsustainable supply chain. For example the same amount of oil derived from an acre of hemp would take a 1/4 acre of cannabis.
Additionally using hemp raises the risk of dangerous pesticides and contaminants as hemp is a “bio-accumulator”—meaning the plant naturally drawns toxins from the soil. Which is hugely beneficial to the earth, but not great for our bodies.
Hemp-derived CBD and refined CBD powder lack critical medicinal terpenes and secondary cannabinoids found in cannabis oil. Typically referred to as the entourage effect. These compounds interact with CBD and THC to enhance their medicinal benefits. The diverse chemical availability in whole plant medicines is remarkable in its own right, but research looking into how cannabinoids and terpenoids work together adds another level of intriguing medical research.
Instrumental in this area of science is Ethan Russo, M.D., a neurologist who has long studied cannabis compounds and their role in the body. In his study “Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects,” he details how cannabis compounds influence each other’s mechanisms. We aren’t just talking about the well-known THC-CBD tag team here – even small amounts of terpenes (fragrant oils that give cannabis its smell) can make a difference.
The terpene myrcene, for example, can reduce resistance in the blood-brain barrier, enabling easier passage of other beneficial chemicals. Pinene helps counteract compromised cognition and memory caused by THC. A combination of terpenes pinene, myrcene, and caryophyllene help unravel anxiety. Mixing terpenes linalool and limonene with the cannabinoid CBG shows promise in the treatment of MRSA. THC plus CBN yields enhanced sedating effects. Linalool and limonene combined with CBD is being examined as an anti-acne treatment.
These examples only scratch the surface of all possible synergies made available to us by way of whole plant therapies. Think of all the medical possibilities waiting for us as the combinational potential of these compounds are unlocked. The thought of how many lives could be changed for the better by such discoveries is almost overwhelming.
It’s against federal law to use hemp leaves and flowers to make drug products. Hemp oil entrepreneurs attempt to sidestep this legal hurdle by dubiously claiming they extract CBD only from hemp stalk before importing it to the United States, a grey area activity at best.
When choosing cannabis medicine for you and your family look for:
CBD Products: For maximum therapeutic benefit, choose products that include both CBD, a non-intoxicating compound, and THC, the main psychoactive component of cannabis. CBD and THC work best together, enhancing each other’s therapeutic benefits.
Clear Labels: Look for labels showing the quantity and ratio of CBD and THC per dose.
Lab Testing: Look for products that are tested for consistency, and verified as free of mold, bacteria, pesticides, solvent residues, and other contaminants.
Quality Ingredients: Select products with quality ingredients. No corn syrup, GMOs, transfats, and artificial additives.
Safe Extraction: Avoid products extracted with toxic solvents like BHO, propane, hexane or other hydrocarbons. Solvent residues are especially dangerous for immune-compromised patients. Look for products that entail a safer method of extraction like supercritical CO2.
Compared to whole plant cannabis, hemp is too low in cannabinoid content. A huge amount of hemp is required to extract a small amount of CBD, raising the risk of contaminants because hemp, a bioaccumulator, draws toxins from the soil. The robust terpene profile of whole plant cannabis enhances the therapeutic benefits of CBD and THC.
And now you know, and knowing is half the battle. Take the time to educate the people around you. Now more than ever we cannot be complacent with staying informed.
Recommends No on Measure R. Marygold Delivery would like to encourage Contra Costa County to engage with the cannabis industry and to create regulations that promote jobs, safety, opportunity, and consumer access.
Measure R fails to achieve these goals.
Simply put, the tax rates for retail and manufacturing are too high. If the county is concerned about the black market and its detrimental effects, it needs to create legislation that attracts legal businesses. A 4-6% tax rate of gross receipts will discourage retail, delivery, and manufacturing companies from locating in unincorporated Contra Costa, especially if these businesses are restricted to medical-only products.
At Marygold Delivery we have enacted special promotions to mitigate the cost of the medical cannabis card because of the additional cost and time required to obtain a medical recommendation from a doctor and the medical cannabis state ID card from their Department of Public Health. Adult-use and medical products by and large the same products and the health benefits that recreational users receive by consuming cannabis cannot be marginalized. Adult Use vs Medical is something dreamed up by legislators to further capitalize on OUR HEALTH CARE.
Unfortunately, Contra Costa County has been and remains hostile to the industry which is strange because every city in Contra Costa County voted overwhelmingly in favor of Prop 64 in 2016. While communities in San Francisco and Alameda Counties spent the previous two years planning and executing legislation for commercial cannabis services, Contra Costa County officials held meetings throughout 2017 with an agenda rife with misinformation, hyperbole, and fear-driven propaganda. It was clear that county leaders failed to seek input from key industry stakeholders and subject matter experts: cannabis patients, cannabis organizations, and cannabis companies. Consequently, East Contra Costa residents still lack access to retail services. Now, these same officials want to cash in by gouging companies that presently have very few options this side of the Caldecott.
Marygold Delivery and the cannabis industry recommends that you vote No on Measure R to send a message to legislators that the residents of Contra Costa County and the cannabis industry refuse to accept unfair regulations and disproportionate taxation. Higher tax rates equate to higher prices for consumers. It’s not uncommon for consumers to pay 30-40% in sales and excise tax, and these rates are unreasonable. We’d like to challenge county officials to create regulations that promote safe and responsible commercial cannabis while providing affordable services to those who need them the most: our sick and aging residents.
We must not forget that the cannabis movement was started to provide much needed medicine to our society because the medical community and the pharmaceutical industry became corrupted by greed. We did not come this far to further enrich corporate entities and the California government coffers. What’s happened in California in the name of progress has been an unqualified disaster to not only the businesses that made this possible but more importantly to the consumers.
Its been my wish since we began Marygold to create more community. Its a challenge in these fast paced times, but who doesn't love a challenge? I challenge you to share your story with cannabis. We have so many people who are looking for dosing advice and product advise. While we love sharing our experiences and believe me people like hearing them, we are an experimental group so there isn't much we haven't tried. But we are a larger community than just us. Marygold represents thousands of Contra Costa residents with amazing stories to tell, I know I've heard a few! We are having a promotion on Instagram right now til October 25, 2018 we will be drawing a winner every week from entries into the #weedismymedicine campaign. Its a little show & tell, show us however you like - get creative - you medicate. Do you smoke? Dab? Edibles? What's your pleasure and why? Caption your photo with a few short words. This is your opportunity to share your journey with your cannabis community. Want to remain anonymous? Email your photo with your caption and we will post it anonymously. Your name will be entered into the contest that way. We will share the photo and story anonymously as the winner.
Let’s talk about Pain Relief with Cannabis for Women
Join Ellementa and their monthly educational series for women to learn about cannabis in the SF East Bay.
Special discount this month: Seniors 65+ tickets are 50% off!
This month, they dive into the topic of pain. With a focus on how cannabis can help women with painful menstrual cycles, menopausal/post-menopausal discomfort, chronic age-related pain, neuropathic pain and post-athletic recovery pain.
With an abundance of CBD and low dose THC products available in CA, come listen & learn how to get started with using cannabis for your health and wellness, rather than intoxication.
Ellementa meets monthly to bring women together with experts and brands to learn about cannabis for health, wellness, self-care and caregiving. This is a non-consumption, educational event for women/female-identified exclusively. We create welcoming spaces where women can come together to speak openly about cannabis.
Address to be provided upon RSVP. This event is happening in Walnut Creek.
Didi Davis, CEO of Sweet ReLeaf, will introduce you to their deeply soothing creams that deliver effective relief from inflammation, chronic pain, post-surgery pain, cramps, arthritis, cramps, shingles – you name it! These non-psychoactive body butters are great for first time cannabis consumers.
Erin Gore, CEO of Garden Society,will highlight their low dose, luscious, milk chocolate cannabis-infused Bliss Blossom edibles, designed to achieve pain-free living with very few psychoactive side effects.
Tiffany Kelly, Cofounder of Marygold Delivery, will share with you some of her customer's testimonials related to pain, and tell you how you can get high quality cannabis products delivered discretely to your doorstep in Contra Costa County. (Please check your local city ordinance to see if cannabis delivery is an option where you live.)
Together, we’ll discuss the various methods of consumption available and how cannabis infused topicals, low dose THC and CBD (the non-intoxicating compound in the hemp and cannabis plant) can help ease pain. Local medical professional resources will be provided for those who want the help of a compassionate health care provider before experimenting with cannabis.
Set in the beautiful garden of our host, Certified Holistic Nutritionist, Laura Halpin, you won’t want to miss this premier SF East Bay gathering!
Address to be provided upon RSVP. This event is happening in Walnut Creek.
Laura Halpin is a Certified Nutrition Consultant and health hand-holder, she works with clients to get to the roots of their symptoms, and guides them on the most practical, least restrictive path back to vibrant health. Laura’s mission is to help her clients reconnect with the brilliance of their bodies and the healing power of food. Her approach is simple: no one way of eating is right for everyone; diets weaken the relationship with the body; eating healthfully can be satisfying and fun; mindfulness ushers in healing; community and kindness are essential.
This Gathering's discussion will be led by, Ellementa East Bay Gathering Leader Laurie Light.
Laurie Light, Cofounder of Octavia Wellness, a senior-focused cannabis business, and SF Bay Area Lead for Ellementa. Laurie is a brand ambassador for local, women-owned cannabis businesses and can help you make cannabis product selections, as well as give dosing suggestions and help you learn about the various methods of consumption. She works as a one-on-one consultant with baby boomers, seniors and “canna-curious” adult women of all ages. Laurie is working hard to manifest her dream of owing a medical and adult-use, community-centered cannabis retail store in Contra Costa County with her husband.
Marygold Delivery Service - Purveyors of fine herbs and medicines.
Strictly Topical makes the Sweet ReLeaf brand of cannabis topicals known throughout CA as a potent pain releaf cream that is non-psychoactive.
Garden Society is proud to introduce artisan, low dose cannabis confections. We are driven by an insatiable desire to discover and indulge our senses, while helping to inspire you to live a balanced life.
Venue… A Private Location provided upon registration.
ABOUT ELLEMENTA GATHERINGS:
Ellementa Gatherings are non-consumption events. Ellementa does not condone consumption of cannabis on the premises of Gatherings. Everyone attending this event or other Ellementa events confirm they are 21 years of age or over and fully responsible for their own actions. If consumption does take place at the event or any product is obtained at the event that is consumed after, attendees consume at their own risk and fully indemnify Ellementa, Inc. and its stakeholders from any responsibility.